Jamun Fruit-Jambul, Syzygium cumini
Scientific name: Syzygium cumini
Family name: Myrtaceae
Jambul is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae. Jambul is native to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Indonesia.The name of the fruit is sometimes mistranslated as blackberry, which is a different fruit in an unrelated family. Jamun is indigenous to India. Its tree is tall and evergreen. Jamun fruits are a good source of iron and are said to be useful in the troubles of heart and liver. Since jamun is a hardy fruit, it can be grown under adverse soil and climate conditions. Jamun can be propagated both by seeds as well as vegetative cultivation. It is also called “The Indian blackberry” or “Black plum”.
Jamun health benefits
Rich in nutrients
Ripe fruit of Jamun is very rich in nutrients it contains sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, zinc, iron, Vitamins C & A, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, choline, fo
lic acid and maleic acid.
It is a commonly known fruit for diabetic control. Its dried seeds powder is very beneficial in lowering blood sugar levels. The extracts of the bark, seeds and leaves can also be used for the treatment of diabetes.
The leaves have antibacterial properties and used for strengthening teeth and gums. Seeds and leaves that are loaded with healing properties and have been used extensively in traditional streams of medicine.
The bark of black berry tree is astringent, digestive, diuretic, anthelmintic and is considered useful for throat problems. The jamun fruit is also considered to be stomachic, carminative, antiscorbutic and diuretic.
A concoction made from the mixture of dried seeds and the bark is considered beneficial in the cure of diarrhea and dysentery.
Blood pressure and migraine control
The leaves of the tree also help in controlling the blood pressure and gingivitis. Jamun Vinegar is also helpful in Migraine. Apply little vinegar on head it will give you relief from migraine pain.
The flowers attract bees and are a source of honey. The flowers are rich in nectar and yield high quality honey when apiculture is done close by. Its flowers also contain terpenoids.
This fruit is very effective in blood purification. The paste of seeds mixed with water is very beneficial in treating acne.
Jamun fruit has many health benefits. Jamun has many medicinal properties and its fruit is very rich in nutrients. There is lot of medicinal use of Jamun in Ayurveda. Its fruit, leaves as well as seed are main part which can be used in curing and controlling diseases. Vinegar made from this Indian black berry fruit is administered in cases of enlargement of spleen, chronic diarrhea and urine retention. The decoction of its bark can be used as mouthwash for the astringent effect on mouth ulcerations, spongy gums, and stomatitis. Jamun powder is also very rich source of calcium and vitamins. Having antioxidant properties, the jamun powder detoxifies harmful toxins from the body.