Hydration for Skin
Hydration basically means the amount of fluid present in the body at a cellular level. Both intra-cellular and extra cellular fluid (outside a cell) and intra-cellular (inside a cell) are needed for cell health. Hydration can be defined as the amount of water found in something (in our case, skin). To hydrate, or moisturize, is to restore or maintain fluid balance. Skin hydration is very important factor. The skin is largely composed of water and has its own natural mechanisms to maintain correct hydration levels and protect against external elements. When skin is properly hydrated, it is smooth and plump and somewhat bouncy to the touch. When it is not, it can be tight, flaky and dull. Hydration is important in many ways to skin care. To name just a few of its functions – it helps the body assimilate essential nutrients and excrete toxins, assists in maintaining pH balances, and helps prevent kidney stones, constipation and urinary infections. When skin is not adequately hydrated, it loses thickness, and offers less body protection. Skin tone becomes dry and dull, and extra sensitive. Wrinkles are formed easily.
Ways to Hydrate Skin
The most important thing a person can do to keep a good looking skin is to protect it from the sun. Too much sun exposure causes damage to the skin and increases the risk of developing cancer. In summer, avoid exposure to the sun when it is at its highest – between 12 noon and 4 pm – as this is when it is most damaging to the skin. Always use sunscreen with UVA and UVB filters to prevent premature skin ageing and damage from solar radiation.
Increase your fluid intake
Drink two to two and a half litres of fluid daily. Fluid loss increases with temperature, humidity and physical activity, and your fluid intake requirements increase correspondingly. Water is not the only option: herbal teas, soft drinks, juices, milk etc. will all help maintain and replenish body fluid levels.
Apply a thick moisturizing lotion to wet skin. The lotion will seal the water onto the skin surface and help rehydrate the area. Use a body or face lotion that works especially for dry skin. If the skin seems tight and feels dry up to this time, then apply a skin moisturizer. A good moisturizer should have sunscreen, low in perfumes, dyes and additives.
Eat foods that help you hydrated
Fruit and vegetables have high water content so they also contribute to hydration. Eat healthy fat that are found in nuts, avocado and fish. Bear in mind that trans-fat and animal fat will not help your skin in anyway. Eating nuts, avocado and fish can keep your skin hydrated making your skin smooth, soft and beautiful. You can also consider taking supplements like fish oil capsules or cod liver oil.
Many people must learn how to properly wash their skin. Some think that by taking long showers and bath is good for them but it’s not. People should not take a bath for longer than 15 minutes. This is because long baths and showers can remove oil from the skin.
Hydration and skin health are inter linked. For healthier skin avoid smoking since it can make the blood vessels narrow, deplete the skin of nutrients as well as oxygen and decreases blood flow to the skin. Also, avoid alcohol as its diuretic qualities cause dehydration. Be gentle to your skin – don’t indulge in harsh treatments or excessively frequent face packs. Don’t wash your skin too often with soap or alcohol-based hand washes, and don’t leave your skin unprotected against the ravages of the weather.
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