Scientific name: Vitis vinifera
Family name: Vitaceae
A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grapes seed oil. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters. Grapes are a type of fruit that grow in clusters of 15 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange and pink. “White” grapes are actually green in color, and are evolutionarily derived from the purple grape. Mutations in two regulatory genes of white grapes turn off production of anthocyanins which are responsible for the color of purple grapes. Anthocyanins and other pigment chemicals of the larger family of polyphenols in purple grapes are responsible for the varying shades of purple in red wines. Grapes are typically an ellipsoid shape resembling a prolate spheroid. The combination of unique texture and sweet, tart flavor has made grapes an ever popular between-meal snack as well as a refreshing addition to both fruit and vegetable salads. The seeds, skin, leaves, stems, and grape itself are used in herbal remedies. Here we have discussed some of the grapes health benefits.
Grapes Health Benefits
Grapes, owing to their high nutrient content, play an important role in ensuring a healthy and robust life. Grapes, one of the most delicious fruits, are rich sources of vitamins A, C, B6 and folate in addition to essential minerals like potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium and selenium. Grapes are also rich in polyphenolics phytochemicals compound resveratrol.
Helps in digestion
Grapes play an important role in dyspepsia. They relieve heat and cure indigestion and irritation of the stomach. They are also preferred as they constitute a light food. Grapes are very effective in overcoming constipation. They are considered as a laxative food, as they contain organic acid, sugar and cellulose. They also relieve chronic constipation by toning up intestine and stomach.
Ripe grape juice is an important home remedy for curing migraine. It should be taken early in the morning, without mixing additional water.
Due to its eminent therapeutic value, grapes can be used for cure of asthma. In addition to it, the assimilatory power of grapes is also higher. It increases the moisture present in lungs. Due to this high assimilatory power of grapes, moisture present in lungs increases. Grapes have therapeutic value for asthma.
Grapes are found to have strong anti cancer properties due to the anti-inflammatory effect of resveratrol present in grapes. It is particularly effective in colorectal cancer and breast cancer. Anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins present in grapes have properties of an anti-proliferate and can inhibit the growth of cancer causing agents. In a recent study, purple colored Concord grape juice helps prevent breast cancer. Experiment was conducted on laboratory rats. There was a significant reduction in breast tumor mass after they were fed the grape juice on the experimental basis.
Grapes increase the nitric oxide levels in the blood, which prevents blood clots thereby reducing the chances of heart attacks. In addition the antioxidant present in grapes prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, which blocks the blood vessels. The presence of antioxidants, which are in fresh grapes and are also known as polyphenols, are very helpful in keeping oxidized cholesterol from accumulating in arteries and blocking them. A particular polyphenol called resveratrol is present in grapes, and it is this polyphenol that keeps arterial walls from suffering cholesterol related damage.
Resveratrol, a beneficial polyphenol present in grapes reduces the levels of amyloidal-beta peptides in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Grapes can enhance brain health and delay the onset of neurodegenerative diseases.
Grapes can substantially reduce the acidity of the uric acid and helps in the elimination of the acid from the system, thereby reducing the work pressure of kidneys.
Grapes contain a compound called pterostilbene, which has the capacity to bring down cholesterol level. Saponins present in grape skin can also prevent the absorption of cholesterol by binding with it.
Grapes are the fruit of a vine. The whole fruit, skin, leaves and seed of the grape plant are used as medicine. Grape seeds are by-products of the manufacturing of wine. Grape leaf is used as a food, particularly in Greek cooking. Grape leaf might reduce inflammation and have astringent effects. Grape side effects are exceedingly rare but not non-existent. You can have a variety of symptoms — including hives, dizziness and swelling of the face. The types of fiber in grapes act as natural laxatives, so eating large quantities of grapes may cause loose stools or gastrointestinal discomfort. But these are all exceptional cases; overall grapes benefits are numerous that can be beneficial for you. So start eating grapes and stay healthy!